Subaru is a subsidiary of Fuji Heavy Industries. Which was originally Nakajima Aircraft back in 1917. It's wasn't until 1954 before Fuji Heavy Industries took on the challenge of building a road car. The name of this car was the P-1 (Nothing like the modern Subaru Impreza P1) which stood for Prototype-1. This name was later changed to the Subaru 1500. And here the Subaru was born. The name Subaru Closely translates to reference the star cluster Pleiades, which is the same famous star cluster that we see make up the subaru logo today. over the decades Subaru continued to build motor cars and in 1972 made it's first 4WD car with the Subaru Leone 4WD Station Wagon. From that point onwards Subaru made something for a name for it's self in the 4WD motor car department, almost like a trade mark. Think Subaru, think All Wheel Drive. However it wasn't until 1992 that the Subaru Impreza was born. So let's pick up the story from there.
The Launch of the Subaru Impreza (Japan) The Subaru Impreza was developed after rule changes in the World Rally Championship (WRC) demanded a replacement to the Subaru Legacy which was previously used by Subaru in the WRC. The changes meant that a new smaller, lighter and faster car was required in order to compete in the WRC. So even from day one, the Subaru Impreza was developed for rallying.
The Subaru Impreza reached the UK. Initially the Subaru Impreza was available in both Front Wheel Drive (FWD) and All Wheel Drive (AWD) versions. However the FWD was soon dropped in preference of the trademark Subaru AWD system.
The Turbo Charged Impreza 2000 AWD reached the UK (Known as the Subaru Impreza WRX in Japan). Also in 2004, Subaru Technica International (STI) was born and we started seeing STI versions of the Subaru Impreza Turbo. The Subaru Impreza WRX STI meant much more than an extra badge on the body. The STI stood for a full upgrading of the Subaru Impreza Taking was was learned on the World Rally stages and incorporating developments into the road car. Many areas were upgraded for the Subaru Impreza STI versions. Engine, Suspension and overall performance and handling greatly improved over the standard car. Top speed was limited to 155mph and 0-62 came in at just 4.7seconds for the Impreza STI. These figures made the Subaru Impreza very sought after by the local boy racers. Albeit a bit more expensive than the your every day Peugeot 205 and Vauxhall Nova.
Subaru won the World Rally Championship in a 555 WRC Subaru Impreza driven by fellow Scotsman Colin McRae. A brilliant achievement for both driver and manufacturer. Driver Colin McRae for being the first ever British driver to win the WRC, and Subaru proved that the Impreza was a World Leading rally car. To mark the success of Subaru winning the WRC championship that year, a special edition Subaru Impreza was released in the form of the McRae Series Subaru Impreza.
Subaru took the manufacturer title for a second year in a row, and promptly released another special edition Impreza knows as the Subaru Impreza Catalunya.
Subaru won a hat-trick of manufacturer championships and celebrated once again by releasing a new special edition Impreza. The Subaru Impreza Terzo (Italian for 3rd). Only 333 Subaru Impreza Terzos were made, as a mark of the three championships won with the Subaru Impreza. 1997 also saw a few changes to the Impreza road car. Interior styling was updated including an exclusive MOMO racing steering wheel. Meanwhile STI versions were given an newly designed rear spoiler. In Japan a special 2-door coupe Subaru Impreza was released which was used as the 1998 WRC car.
The Subaru Impreza 22B. A label that often conjures up thoughts of what the ultimate Subaru Impreza might be. The 22B (Note: for the computer geeks out there, 22B in hex converts to 555 in decimal.) provided a 2.2l boxer engine, more hardcore styling all round including 2-doors instead of 4 and an adjustable rear wing made up just some of the key features of the 22B. Only 400 22B's were made in order to celebrate 40 years of Subaru and only 16 of those were destined for the UK. I've seen three in total!! UK versions also had tweaked gearing which was specifically optimised to UK roads. How cool is that!
To celebrate the new driver lineup of Richard Burns in the Subaru World Rally Team, Subaru decided it was once again time for a special edition. This time the RB5 named after Richard Burns. Sadly in November 2003 Richard Burns was diagnosed with a form of brain tumour and later died on the 25th November 2005 from his illness. This makes the RB5 all the more special now. Only 444 RB5's were made, with the option of the WR Sport pack.
1999 Also saw the release of another special edition. The Subaru Impreza P1, which like the Subaru Impreza 22B was a 2-door coupe model, and like the 22B it was only available in WR Blue. However unlike the 22B the Subaru Impreza P1 delivered a 276bhp out of the box, and supporting a whole load of new accessories such as 10-spoke OZ Titanium racing wheels, improved quick-shift gearbox, rear-wiper, new front wing/splitter, new fog lamps and a new exclusive rear wing. Unlike the Impreza 22B there were 1,000 P1's made. Despite this the Subaru Impreza P1 remains one of the most expensive Subaru Impreza's to buy today.
For eight years, the Subaru Impreza remained more or less unchanged (externally) until 2000 where Subaru decided to update the Impreza for the 21st century. This change was met with mixed views. The appropriately labeled Bug-eye version by critics, was just that. Bug-eyed! One can only guess it was Subaru's attempt to make the Impreza all cute and cuddly. But this didn't go down well with the fans. Many NewAge impreza's promptly had their headlights replaces with WRC look-alike HI-Definition (HiD) lamps or the more aggressive looking Morette cluster. What was in favour of the fans was the globalisation of the WRX name. Previously only used in Japan, the WRX badge was now stuck to any Impreza with a Turbo!
To celebrate Richard Burns's win in the WRC and the launch of the of the new model, Subaru decided to launch yet another special edition Impreza. This time the Subaru Impreza UK300. Once again just like the 22B and P1 the only colour available was WR Blue. The UK300 supported new prodrive styled spoilers of which the rear wing looked like was picked from bit of an airfix kit and not put together properly. Thankfully the front end was improved slightly, with the addition of improved HiD headlamps which made the car look slightly less like a bug. Yet no matter what they did, it was still going to be remembered as the Bug-Eyed version. 2001 also saw the arrival of the NewAge (Must stop calling it bug-eyed) Subaru Impreza WRX STI to the UK. Just like previous STI's, this was based on the WRX but tweaked a little by the Subaru Technica International (STI) team. If that wasn't enough there was also the option of a Prodrive Performance Pack (PPP). The Subaru Imrpeza WRX STI saw a few key changes over the standard Subaru Impreza WRX. This time, the addition of a 6-speed gearbox as opposed to the WRX 5-speed. Also a nice welcome was similar headlamps which were found on the UK300.
It didn't take long before Subaru had to give in to pressure from fans and go back to the drawing board (literally) to come up with a new style Subaru Impreza. So in 2002, Subaru announced yet another NewAge Impreza. The MY03. Main difference here was the front end. More or less everything else stayed the same, but those bug-eyed headlamps were out and replaced with slightly less ugly ones. Also a bigger bonnet scoop was included. Not to be outdone, the Subaru Impreza WRX power was increased by 10bhp. Not surprisingly many Bug-eyed Subaru Impreza's were made available on the 2nd hand market as many owners wanted to change their driveway accessory for the new style Subaru Impreza.
Although Turbo versions of the Subaru Impreza were available in Japan and Europe from more or less day one. The US favoured their muscle cars and not these Japanese breed of performance cars. Which meant the Subaru Impreza Turbo's never "officially" reached US soil until the 2002 model. Any previous Subaru Impreza's were Imports. Unfortunately for the US market the famous 2.0l boxer engine had to go. The fuel regulations in the US meant that the high performance expected from the Subaru Impreza could not be achieved from the 2.0l engine with US fuel. Instead, the Subaru Impreza was given a nice new 2.5l boxer engine for the US market, in order to keep the power and performance up.
Another Subaru WRC title win with Petter Solberg at the wheel. Once again sticking with tradition a new special edition was released, known as the Subaru Impreza WR1. I must admit the WR1 is one of my personal favourites, if only because of the unique Ice Blue colour. Only 500 WR1's were made, but Subaru decided to throw everything at it, including PPP and Driver Controlled Centre Diff (DCCD). The Subaru Impreza WRX STI also saw further improvements in 2004 with upgraded mechanics from the Japanese models. This new revised STI saw a new front diff, along with the DCCD system which was found on the WR1 and UK300 models. Nice!
Towards the end of 2005. Again just 2 years after the previous model was replaced, Subaru decided to release another new bodied Subaru Impreza, the MY06. This time with new crystal rear light cluster and yet another new front end. The jury is still out about whether or not it is a hit or a miss. I personally think it looks Awesome. Almost as though Subaru have forgotten the last 5 years and gone back to the aggressive styling of the original Subaru Impreza from the 90's! I admit, it did take a few days to get used to, but after you see past the SEAT grill and BMW headlamps you soon realise that this is the sort of car you want other people to see you in, in their rear view mirror. (Admittedly briefly as you scream past them shortly after words :) Sadly the MY06 marked the end for the traditional 2.0l boxer engine. Instead we saw the introduction of the 2.5l boxer engine into the Subaru Impreza. A sad end which seems to have gone relatively unnoticed. But then think of what they can do with that extra 500cubic centimetres of space. Mwaahaahaahaa!...
Towards the end of 2006. Subaru / Prodrive announced the realease of a new Special Edition Impreza. Sadly without recent success in the WRC. This time the special edition was to celebrate the life of previous Subaru WRC Champion Richard Burns who sadly died 12 months previously due to a brain tumour. The New Special Edition Subaru Impreza was to be named the RB320. That's 320bhp and a limited number of 320 to be produced. Essentially the RB320 is a 2006 model Subaru Impeza WRX STi PPP with just abotu ever add on you can think of, along with bespoke prodrive/blitsen dampers, exclusive obsidian black paint work, black alloys and full dront grill set. All in all making the RB320 very exclusive and ver agressive looking with only small markings on the passenger, drivers doors and boot lid of a small orange RB320 logo. The rest of the car is very much black in respect for the late Richard Burns. A true trubite to a great champion!
I have yet to come up with a word that describes Subaru in 2007. At the time of writing Subaru had recently announced the drascically redesigned 2008 model of the Subaru Impreza (You can see some photos here) Make your own mind up about what you think of it. My initial thoughts are yuk.. And I have to say my thoughts are still more or less the same. The car does NOT look agressive as it shoudl and just looks like any other family hatchback on the road. a fair pecentage of the Impreza's appeal has always been it's agressive shape and styling. Even teh bugeye version admitedly wasn't welcomed by many had the trademark styling that for every other angle you knew it was an Impreza and more importantly a car to be reckoned with!. This new one doesn't do much for me I'm afraid. Doesn't excite me when I see pictures of it like previous styles. The same recipie is still there usign the same 2.5l boxer engine from teh MY06 models, a new intercooler has been shoved in. Power remains teh same at 225ps for the WRX model, awd as standard of course :). However the tyres are narrower than previous versions. Also it's worth noting that at time of writing there are no plans for a WRX version or saloon version for the UK. Instead we'll have the basic models then a jump up to the STi's I see this as a mistake as the WRX hits a just about affordable market for most peopel who cant afford te £25k price of the STi. However somethign new for the MY08 Impreza will be the introduction of a 170bhp Diesel Impreza. Thats right diesel. Should be interesting...Watch this space...
The 2016 Paris motor show looks to be one of this year?s most significant car events, as some of the industry's biggest and most influential manufacturers reveal all-new models and forward-thinking concepts.
Below, we run through some of the key cars to look forward to before doors open at the end of September. We?ll be updating this preview in the coming days and weeks, so be sure to check back to keep up with the latest news.
Alfa Romeo Stelvio
Alfa Romeo?s Porsche Macan rival will have the same twin-turbo 2.9-litre petrol V6 engine that sits under the bonnet of the Giulia Quadrifoglio. In that car, it produces for 503bhp, but it might shed a few horsepower in the Stelvio. Still, that?s a lot of power for an SUV.
Audi will reveal its new Q5 in Paris before sales kick off sometime later this year. The all-new model will now utilise the Volkswagen Group?s MLB platform for models with a longitudinal engine layout, shedding as much as 100kg of weight compared to the outgoing model. Expect plenty of in-car technology and sharpened exterior styling.
The BMW X2 will go on sale late next year for around £30,000. It will share many parts with its sister car, the X1, but have a more sporting character and will rival the likes of the Range Rover Evoque. In Paris, the car will be previewed with a thinly veiled concept.
Citroën C3 Picasso
Citroën?s second-generation C3 Picasso supermini looks set to follow the design trend set by its bigger siblings, the C4 Picasso and C4 Cactus, when it arrives in Paris. The C3 Picasso will sport a raised bonnet, more rounded edges, and a set of Airbumps - as seen on the Cactus.
Ferrari LaFerrari Aperta
Although not officially confirmed for Paris, Ferrari?s LaFerrari Aperta ? an open-top version of the discontinued LaFerrari hypercar ? could make its public debut there. The limited-run drop-top will feature the same 950bhp V12-based powertrain as the original car.
The 2017 Civic will be revealed in France, although we?re already familiar with its design thanks to plenty of spy pictures. The new European model looks almost completely identical to the US-spec car, staying true to the design of the Geneva concept which was longer, wider and lower than the current Civic.
The third-generation Hyundai i30 hatchback will be launched in Paris before it goes on sale in 2017. The i30 will no longer be available as a three-door car, but will retain options for a five-door hatchback, estate, and four-door coupé.
The hot hatch version of the next-gen i30 will also go on sale in 2017 and is set to make an appearance in Paris. Powered by a 2.0-litre turbocharged engine, the hatch could have a top speed of 155mph and will be a rival to the likes of the Volkswagen Golf GTI and Ford Focus ST.
Infiniti's new 2.0-litre petrol engine promises "diesel economy and V6 power and smoothness". The turbocharged unit develops around 270bhp and 288lb ft of torque and is expected to eventually be used in the Q30 hatchback and QX30 crossover, after making its debut in 2018.
The new Kia Rio will be officially revealed at Paris. It's very likely that the new Kia supermini will be offered as a five-door only model, but recently released design renders show a sportier approach to the Rio than previous generations. It'll likely get the 1.0-litre turbocharged three-cylinder engine from the Ceed, too, as well as a GT-badged hot hatch variant later down the line.
Land Rover Discovery
Land Rover?s fifth-generation Discovery looks set to adopt the sleeker design of the current Discovery Sport. It will also gain a more luxurious and upmarket cabin that is no less practical than the current model. The 2017 Discovery should also be significantly lighter than the current car thanks to a bonded and riveted aluminium monocoque, as is currently used in the Range Rover and Range Rover Sport models.
We've seen plenty of spy pictures and speculated about the introduction of a plug-in version, but the next-gen Mini Countryman hasn't actually been revealed yet. That looks set to change in Paris, when the larger Countryman is expected to make its debut with new four-cylinder diesel and petrol engines. That plug-in model we mentioned will likely join at a later stage.
Mitsubishi Ground Tourer Concept
Mitsubishi is joining the coupé crossover crowd this year, as it unveils its swoopy Ground Tourer Concept. Like the Outlander PHEV, it?s a plug-in hybrid and bears Mitsubishi?s new front-end ?dynamic shield? styling - but at the moment it's a concept only. We?ve only seen a murky teaser photo so far, so keep an eye out on show day for the full styling of the car.
The Chevrolet Bolt, albeit under Opel Ampera-e guise, will make its European debut at the Paris motor show. Details of the EV are sparse so far, but we do know that its acceleration rivals performance models in the Opel lineup, although its top speed is 93mph. The Bolt has a range of over 200 miles, so it's fair to expect the same from the Ampera-e.
The new Peugeot 3008 has been transformed into an SUV in an attempt to take advantage of rapidly growing sales in that market. The 2017 model will feature Peugeot's latest i-Cockpit dash technology and gain new 1.2-litre and 1.6-litre petrol engines. Most UK buyers are expected to choose the 118bhp 1.6-litre diesel model, which emits 100g/km of CO2 and is claimed to return more than 70mpg.
Porsche Panamera and Panamera Sport Turismo
The second-generation Panamera will make its public debut at Paris. Aesthetically, the super saloon has been treated to some of the iconic styling cues of the 911, with tauter surfacing and a more curved roofline. However, this has not been to the detriment of practicality; headroom has actually increased, as has boot space.
The Panamera has also received a new range of engines including a new turbocharged 2.9-litre V6, 4.0-litre V8 diesel and twin-turbocharged 4.0-litre V8. When the car hits showrooms in early 2017, the initial line-up will comprise of three four-wheel-drive cars: the £88,700 Panamera 4S, £91,788 Panamera 4S Diesel and £113,075 Panamera Turbo.
Based on Nissan?s NP300 Navara, the Alaskan is Renault?s first entry into the lightweight pick-up truck sector. With a ground clearance of 230mm, a towing capacity of 3.5 tonnes - a figure Renault claims is the best in the class ? and a powerful 187bhp diesel four-cylinder engine, the Alaskan ought to to appeal to workers and private users alike. The truck is set to go on sale later this year for a price of £22,000.
Skoda?s new seven-seat SUV could easily become one of the car maker?s best-selling models. We?ve already driven the prototype and have a very good idea of what the car will look like uncamouflaged. It will have a choice of five engines and optional four-wheel-drive.
Ssangyong?s new car offensive is set to continue at the Paris motor show with a pre-production model that will preview the brand?s next-generation Rexton SUV. The new car will cost from less than £30,000 and will rival large SUVs across the market, including the Kia Sorento and Hyundai Santa Fe. Two engines are expected to feature: a 2.2-litre diesel and a 2.0-litre turbocharged petrol.
The Suzuki Ignis will return to the UK after a nine year hiatus. The small crossover will make its European debut at the Paris motor show, and then goes on sale in the UK in January 2017. The Ignis will also be available as a hybrid, with a system which Suzuki calls SHVS (Smart Hybrid Vehicle by Suzuki).
Another Suzuki crossover, the SX4 S-Cross, will also make an appearance at Paris, to showcase its revised interior and exterior styling and announce the replacement of its 1.6-litre engine with 1.0-litre and 1.4-litre Boosterjet turbocharged engines. It'll go on sale in the UK in October.
Vauxhall's next-gen Ford Mondeo rival looks set to get bigger but also drop weight compared to the outgoing car. The model's expansion will come thanks to a longer wheelbase that will help free up more space in the cabin. The future Insignia is not due to go on sale until next year, but sources say order books could open this year following a Paris 2016 reveal.
Volkswagen electric vehicle
German magazine WirtschaftsWoche reported that VW boss Herbert Diess revealed a prototype Volkswagen EV, with the exterior proportions of a Golf but the interior space of a Passat will make its debut at the Paris motor show this year. It won't go on sale until at least 2019, though.
Volkswagen Tiguan LWB
The long-wheelbase version of the Volkswagen Tiguan has been spotted testing recently and will get its full debut in Paris. It's expected to come to the UK and is 110mm longer than the standard version of the SUV.
The road-legal LM version of the McLaren P1 GTR is set to go for a Nürburgring lap record attempt during a stint of development testing planned for later this year.
Lanzante, the Hampshire-based firm responsible for creating the road-legal LM versions of McLaren?s 986bhp track model, will run the car at the Nürburgring to finalise its set-up. Lanzante says a lap record isn?t a priority, but if the conditions are right, an attempt is a possibility.
?We?ve seen what the road car is capable of there and we?ve got simulations of what our car can do,? said company boss Dean Lanzante. ?Kenny Bräck is doing all of the driving, so if an opportunity arose, we have the right man for the job.?
McLaren declined to reveal the Nürburgring lap time of its standard P1, instead choosing only to confirm that it dipped below the seven-minute mark. But Lanzante?s words suggest he?s confident the P1 LM is capable of beating the 6min 57sec time of the current production lap record holder, the Porsche 918 Spyder.
Despite his confidence, Lanzante concedes that the P1 LM?s chances could be hampered by time constraints and weather conditions.
?We don?t have the finances or the time to do something like Porsche,? he said in reference to the 918?s testing programme. ?If it rains, the track isn?t fast enough, so we can?t do a lap. And we don?t want to do a Koenigsegg??
Koenigsegg recently crashed a One:1 at the ?Ring ahead of its own record attempt and has to rebuild the car before it can run again. Lanzante says his company can?t afford the same fate, instead ranking delivery of all five P1 LMs to their customers as a priority.
Each P1 LM could receive minor changes to its factory settings after delivery, including the fitment of ?evolution? parts or minor geometry adjustments.
?Whatever upgrades we develop in testing, we give to the customer,? Lanzante said. ?It?s part of the package; they don?t pay for that.?
A Volvo truck producing more than 2300bhp has broken two separate world speed records: one over 500 metres and the other over 1000 metres.
The challenge was done at the Skellefteå Drive Center (a former airfield outside Skellefteå in Sweden) with Boije Ovebrink at the helm. A record average speed of 105mph and a time of 21.29sec was recorded across a distance of 1000 metres; this also beat the corresponding record for the 500-metre distance, at 82mph and 13.71sec.
The truck, called the Iron Knight, is powered by a mid-mounted, significantly modified, 2367bhp D13 engine with water-cooled intercooler and four turbochargers, producing 4425lb ft of torque.
Mated to an I-Shift Dual Clutch transmission, it maintains torque delivery during gear changes. Electronic devices were kept to a minimum to lower overall weight, while aerodynamics were a key focus adding large air intakes to the side skirts. Volvo Trucks? technicians also tweaked the software ?to permit the high performance?.
During the challenge, the 4.5-tonne truck reached a top speed of 171mph - the same as a Jaguar F-Type V6 S.
President and CEO of Volvo Trucks Claes Nilsson said: "This shows that our I-Shift Dual Clutch transmission has enormous potential and that it does not let you down under extreme conditions. The fact that the world record-breaker uses the very same gearbox that is found in our series-built FH trucks is something we're really proud of.?
Volvo Trucks technician Olof Johansson said: "Specialists from several different Volvo Trucks departments worked closely together to develop a truck with unsurpassed performance. Apart from Volvo Trucks' powertrain, which is the heart and soul of the Iron Knight, we've hand-built the truck from the ground up. The fact that we succeeded in securing not just one record but two is absolutely amazing.?
Driver Boije Ovebrink has more than 30 years' experience of both car and truck racing, with five previous speed records under his belt, and the title of European Truck Racing Champion of 1994. He said: "Volvo Trucks' Iron Knight can be summarised in one single word: perfection. It's beautiful to look at and is an unparalleled powerhouse when you floor the accelerator.?
Volvo Trucks and Ovebrink are no strangers to breaking records. Back in 2007, the 1600bhp Wild Viking beat the world record for the standing-start 1000-metre distance, with an average speed of 98.7mph. More recently, Mean Green took on the 1000-metre flying-start category and set a new record with an average speed of 147mph, in 2012.
?This is the third record-breaking truck I've driven, and I can't think of a better follow-up to Wild Viking and Mean Green,? Ovebrink added.
The speed record was monitored and approved by the International Motor Sports Association (IMSA).
Seat considers a hot version of its new SUV; expected power output close to 300bhp
A fast Seat Ateca Cupra is under consideration for launch in 2017 as the firm weighs up whether it can extend its hardcore sub-brand to its burgeoning SUV range.
The standard Ateca is on sale now and will be joined by a smaller SUV this time next year and potentially a seven-seat SUV around 2020. However, Seat?s bosses are believed to be debating how to extend the reach of the Cupra brand.
The Ateca is expected to become the firm?s best-selling model. With a mooted price of around £35,000, though, a Cupra version would become Seat?s most expensive model.
?The fast SUV market is evolving quickly at the premium end, but in the mainstream, there is no real credible contender,? said an insider. ?That opens the opportunity for Seat to take leadership and to really differentiate itself from the opposition in the crowded SUV market. An Ateca Cupra could have a very significant halo effect for the rest of the brand.?
The Ateca is thought to be the most likely of the three SUVs to be sold as a Cupra, because it will vie for sales in the most hotly contested section of the SUV market.
Sources suggest that as well as exaggerated styling, the car will be powered by the 286bhp 2.0-litre petrol engine used in the Leon Cupra. It is not clear if this engine will be tweaked to deliver different performance characteristics. In the fourwheel-drive Volkswagen Golf R, for instance, the same engine makes 296bhp. A 0-62mph time of around 6.5sec is expected for the Ateca Cupra.
Reports had suggested that the Ateca Cupra could appear as soon as this year?s Paris motor show, but that is now said to be hanging in the balance. The show is so close to the first customer deliveries of the standard Ateca and bosses are said to be concerned that a Cupra could distract from the mainstream model.
In addition, demand is said to be outstripping supply for the Ateca around Europe. This indicates that there is no pressing need for a halo model to be launched. As a result, the Ateca Cupra is being mooted for an on-sale date in late 2017.
The figures, released today, show that UK car manufacturing achieved its 12th consecutive month of growth in July, with year-to-date production growing by 12.3% to 1,023,723 units ? the first time in 12 years that volumes have surpassed one million in the first seven months.
The most popular models produced in the UK include the Nissan Qashqai, built at the brand?s Sunderland plant, with a volume of 298,947. The Toyota Auris is the second most popular model built in the UK, with a volume of 147,907 (less than half that of the Qashqai). The Nissan Juke comes in third place, with a production volume of 119,065.
Demand in July was up both at home and abroad, with a 14.1% increase in output for the domestic market. Exports are up 6% to 101,184 units, with 77.8% of cars produced destined for overseas markets.
The automotive industry is a vital part of the UK economy, accounting for more than £71.6 billion in turnover. A total of 814,000 people are currently employed in the automotive industry across the UK, with 169,000 people employed directly in manufacturing. It accounts for 12.0% of total UK export of goods and invests £2.5 billion each year in automotive R&D, with more than 30 manufacturers building in excess of 70 vehicle models in the UK.
In 2015, UK automotive manufacturers produced 1,682,156 vehicles, with 1,587,677 of those being cars. Today?s figures show that UK car production is on track for 2016 to beat last year?s figures.
SMMT chief executive Mike Hawes said: ?UK car production in 2016 is booming, with new British-built models in demand across the world. Manufacturers have invested billions to develop exciting new models and produce them competitively here in the UK.
?Future success will depend on continued new car demand and attracting the next wave of investment, so Britain must demonstrate it remains competitive and open for business.?
However, director of strategy at Close Brothers Motor Finance, Chris Bosworth, thinks the boom may well be coming to an end. He said: ?Today?s figures for production in the car manufacturing industry continue to emulate the volumes we have seen over the last year, with production and output accelerating at unprecedented levels. However, as figures revealed earlier this week show, there are a number of factors that indicate this growth may be coming to the end.
?The steady flood of new cars that have entered the market over the last year has resulted in a glut of used vehicles beginning to emerge, with these two or three-year-old cars making consumers gravitate to well-priced ?nearly-new? stock. At the same time exchange rate movements make the UK a less attractive place to sell cars meaning that manufacturers are less inclined to subsidise finance on new vehicles.
?The outcome of Brexit is also beginning to affect foreign-based manufacturers, with announcements that many are reducing staffing hours as a result of the fall in the pound from Brexit. This gives UK exporters a boost. However, the profits of these firms are likely to fall unless they increase prices of new vehicles, which will again reduce demand-side pressures on UK car manufacturers.?